—The increasing prospect of electric drive vehicles has led many different control schemes to apply on the driving system. In this paper, differential speed steering which do not use traditional steering mechanism is studied on a four-wheel-driving vehicle. By comparison with the traditional Ackerman-steered vehicle, differential-steered method showed its advantage on the simple structure. Since the steering performance is just related with the velocities of four wheels, the strategy of differential speed on each motor is the major challenge. With the analysis of kinematic model of the vehicle, the relation between the turning behavior and the wheel parameters are investigated. A steering speed control method is proposed to get a steady turning performance during the acceleration or deceleration. The control strategy is implemented in a simulation to verify its rationality.
—Differential speed steering, four wheel independent driving, electric vehicle.
X. Wu, M. Xu, and X. Liu are with Institute of Automotive Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 800, Rd. Dongchuan, China (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite:Xiaodong Wu, Member, IACSIT, Min Xu, and Lei Wang, "Differential Speed Steering Control for Four-Wheel Independent Driving Electric Vehicle," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 355-359, 2013.