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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8198
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJMMM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. K. M. Gupta, Prof. Ian McAndrew
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library,  ProQuest, Crossref, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DOAJ, and Electronic Journals Library .
    • E-mail ijmmm@ejournal.net
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Ian McAndrew
Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, UK.
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJMMM. I will do my best to help develop this journal better.

IJMMM 2013 Vol.1(4): 393-397 ISSN: 1793-8198
DOI: 10.7763/IJMMM.2013.V1.85

Importance of Consistent Cement Quality for a Sustainable Construction

Thushara Priyadarshana and Ranjith Dissanayake
Abstract—The European Standard (EN) and Sri Lanka Standard (SLS) specifications for Portland cement have largely similar provisions on physical and chemical parameters of cement. However, consistency of cement within standards specifications is significantly high and it affect to standard deviation of concrete. In order to obtain good concrete quality, concrete users need to target a low standard deviation of concrete strength. In order to reduce the standard deviation of concrete strength, the material properties variations need to be lowered. This paper discusses variation in cement properties from 5 different cement suppliers. Cement from given suppliers varies between batches/ shipments. It is well understood that there are significant differences in mortar strength, chemical composition, fineness, setting times of same cement type (Type 1) from different suppliers. Experiments were conducted with 48 cement samples of 5 different cement brands collected over 10 months time from January 2011 to October 2011. It was found that all cement brands comply with EN and SLS standards. However, coefficients of variation (COVs) of most parameters, especially strength, are significantly high. This paper answers two key questions; are all nominally similar cements the same? Does cement from same supplier always behave consistently? Finally it recommends cement users and specifies a systematic way to select a consistent cement supplier for an economical and sustainable construction.

Index Terms—Cement strength, concrete strength, consistency of cement, standards deviation of concrete, COV of cement.

Thushara Priyadarshana is with Structural Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya 20400, Sri Lanka (e-mail: thusharaSL@gmail.com, thusara@civil.pdn.ac.lk). Ranjith Dissanayake is with the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya 20400, Sri Lanka (e-mail: ranjith@fulbrightmail.org, ranjith@civil.pdn.ac.lk).

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Cite:Thushara Priyadarshana and Ranjith Dissanayake, "Importance of Consistent Cement Quality for a Sustainable Construction," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 393-397, 2013.

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