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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8198
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJMMM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. K. M. Gupta, Prof. Ian McAndrew
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library,  ProQuest, Crossref, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DOAJ, and Electronic Journals Library .
    • E-mail ijmmm@ejournal.net
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Ian McAndrew
Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, UK.
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJMMM. I will do my best to help develop this journal better.

IJMMM 2016 Vol.4(4): 243-246 ISSN: 1793-8198
DOI: 10.18178/ijmmm.2016.4.4.264

Effects of Material and Cold Air Temperature Conditions on Safflower Biodiesel Viscosity and Evaluation with Anova/Taguchi

Mustafa Taşyürek, Murat Mirik, Şerafettin Ekinci, and Mustafa Acaroğlu
Abstract—In this paper response surface methodology (RSM) was used to study the transesterification reaction of safflower for biodiesel production. Biodiesel is alternative fuel, with catalyst and alcohols reaction production, from vegetable oils, animal oils and waste fried oils. But there are fuel problems to be solved before biodiesel. These are storage time, storage conditions and cloudy and flow points which have flow peculiarity in the low heats. In this research, physical and chemical properties as a fuel of Safflower Methyl Ester (SME) which are biodiesel fuels are determined. In this research, method of transesterification is employed. Attitudes in storage time and storage conditions of SME are investigated. As a result, SME viscosity figures, according to measured dates, are below 40 Redwood min. at 40°C. Also the effects of outer temperature and fuel temperature on viscosity were found significant (P<0.01) by the performed variance analysis.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, fuel properties, safflower methyl ester, storage, taguchi method.

Mustafa Taşyürek is with Selcuk University, Technology Faculty, Metallurgical and Material Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey (e-mail: mtasyurek@selcuk.edu.tr).
Murat Mirik is with Cumhuriyet University, Sivas Higher Vocational School Sivas, Turkey (e-mail: mmirik@cumhuriyet.edu.tr).
Şerafettin Ekinci and Mustafa Acaroğlu are with Selcuk University, Technology Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey (e-mail: sekinci@selcuk.edu.tr, muacaroglu@selcuk.edu.tr).

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Cite: Mustafa Taşyürek, Murat Mirik, Şerafettin Ekinci, and Mustafa Acaroğlu, "Effects of Material and Cold Air Temperature Conditions on Safflower Biodiesel Viscosity and Evaluation with Anova/Taguchi," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 243-246, 2016.

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