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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8198 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mater. Mech. Manuf.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJMMM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ian McAndrew
    • Co-editor-in-Chief: Prof. K. M. Gupta
    • Executive Editor: Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS),  ProQuest, Crossref, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,  EBSCO.
    • E-mail ijmmm@ejournal.net

Editor-in-chief
Prof. Ian McAndrew
Capitol Technology University, USA
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJMMM. I will do my best to work with the editorial team and help make this journal better.

IJMMM 2019 Vol.7(4): 165-169 ISSN: 1793-8198
DOI: 10.18178/ijmmm.2019.7.4.452

Effect of Fillers and Processing Parameters on the Shrinkage of Injected Molding Polyamide 66

Fitri Ayu Radini, Muhammad Ghozali, Onny Ujianto, and Agus Haryono
Abstract—The in-flow and cross-flow shrinkage of injected molding polyamide 66 (PA66) could be effectively reduced by optimizing glass fiber content and molding condition. The chosen molding conditions were melt temperature, cooling time and cooling temperature. The filler effect between glass fiber and clay on PA66 shrinkage also being compared. The result showed that glass fiber can effectively reduce the in-flow and cross-flow shrinkage by giving 54% to 86% reduction of shrinkage percentage. The optimum shrinkage was predicted sequentially at glass fiber content, melting temperature, cooling time and cooling temperature for in-flow are 45%; 285 °C; 45 seconds; 90 °C and for cross-flow are 45%; 285 °C; 35 seconds; 60 °C. The verification for cross-flow shrinkage was 0.41%, while the predicted value was 0.39%. The optimum cross-flow molding condition was applied to PA66/clay composite giving 28% to 51% reduction for 1% to 5% clay and 23% to 77% reduction for 15 % to 45 % clay. The shrinkage reduction by clay was lower than glass fiber, however, the addition of clay giving isotropic shrinkage that leads to less warpage.

Index Terms—Glass fiber, clay, polyamide 66, shrinkage, injection molding.

Fitri Ayu Radini and Onny Ujianto are with Center for Polymer Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung 460 Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang Selatan 15314, Banten, Indonesia (e-mail: fitri.ayu@bppt.go.id, onny.ujianto@bppt.go.id). Muhammad Ghozali Agus Haryono are with Research Center for Chemistry, Gedung 452 Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang Selatan 15314, Banten, Indonesia (e-mail: muhammad.ghozali@lipi.go.id, agus.haryono@lipi.go.id).

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Cite: Fitri Ayu Radini, Muhammad Ghozali, Onny Ujianto, and Agus Haryono, "Effect of Fillers and Processing Parameters on the Shrinkage of Injected Molding Polyamide 66," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 165-169, 2019.

Copyright © 2019 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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