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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8198 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mater. Mech. Manuf.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJMMM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ian McAndrew
    • Co-editor-in-Chief: Prof. K. M. Gupta
    • Executive Editor: Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS),  ProQuest, Crossref, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,  EBSCO.
    • E-mail ijmmm@ejournal.net

Editor-in-chief
Prof. Ian McAndrew
Capitol Technology University, USA
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJMMM. I will do my best to work with the editorial team and help make this journal better.

IJMMM 2020 Vol.8(2): 46-49 ISSN: 1793-8198
DOI: 10.18178/ijmmm.2020.8.2.482

Exploring the Valorization Potential of Pine Residues for Energy Applications through Pyrolysis

Gratitude Charis, Gwiranai Danha, Edison Muzenda, and Bilal Patel
Abstract—Pyrolysis is explored as a potential cleaner valorization alternative for waste pine-dust and shavings from sawmilling activities in Manicaland, Zimbabwe. The investigation covers the physical and thermochemical characterization of the raw material, pyrolysis using a fixed bed reactor at varying temperatures and subsequent characterization of the products. The ultimate analysis reveals that Pine has a CHNO composition of 45.76%, 5.54%, 0.039% and 48.66% respectively. Thermogravimetry results showed that the residues’ ash, fixed carbon and volatiles matter composition was 0.83%, 20% and 79.16%. The high heating value was found to be 17.57 MJ/kg. Pyrolysis runs were carried out for temperatures of 450, 500, 550 and 600oC. Results indicate a maximum yield of bio-oil of 45.7% at a temperature of 500 oC, which agrees with literature. Generally, the gas yield increased while the char yield decreased with increase in temperature.

Index Terms—Bio-oil, energy, pyrolysis, valorization.

G. Charis and G. Danha are with the Botswana International University of Science and Technology, P.Bag 016, Palapye, Botswana (e-mail: gratitude.charis@studentmail.biust.ac.bw, danhag@biust.ac.bw).
E. Muzenda is with Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Botswana and University of Johannesburg, South Africa (e-mail: muzendae@biust.ac.bw).
B. Patel is with the University of South Africa, P/Bag X6, Florida, 1710, Johannesburg, South Africa (e-mail: patelb@unisa.ac.za).

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Cite: Gratitude Charis, Gwiranai Danha, Edison Muzenda, and Bilal Patel, "Exploring the Valorization Potential of Pine Residues for Energy Applications through Pyrolysis," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 46-49, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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