Abstract—In this study, the effect of suction and the parameters affecting this process including suction amplitude, suction coefficient and the suction jet width in order to numeric flow control on an NACA 0012 airfoil was evaluated. Flow was fully turbulent with the Reynolds number of 5 × 105 and the turbulence employed model was the Menter’s shear stress model. Suction on the airfoil was considered to be normal and uniform (perpendicular suction) and suction jet widths were 1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 percent of the chord width. Based on previous studies, suction jet is located in optimal distance, 10 percent of the chord width from the leading edge. The range of suction jet entrance velocity was selected from 0.1 to 0.5 of freestream velocity. Results of this study demonstrated that the lift coefficient increased and drag coefficient decreased while suction amplitude rose. The maximum increase in lift to drag ratio was seen at suction amplitude of 0.5. In addition, the lift to drag ratio elevated when suction jet width increased and reached to its maximum value at 2.5 percent of the chord width.
Index Terms—Suction, flow control, suction jet width, suction amplitude, lift and drag coefficient.
Kianoosh Yousefi and Peyman Zahedi are with Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran (e-mail: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org).
S. Reza Saleh is with School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite:Kianoosh Yousefi, S. Reza Saleh, and Peyman Zahedi, "Numerical Investigation of Suction and Width of Suction Jet on Aerodynamic Characteristics of the NACA 0012 Airfoil," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 136-142, 2013.