Abstract—Phenolic resin-silica nanocomposites samples in pellet shape have been successfully prepared by intercalation of polymer solution through the hot pressing method. The phenolic resin is modified with organic elastomers of silica nanoparticles, which is about 20 nanometer in diameter. The X-Ray Microtomogaphy (XRM) topographies have shown that the porosity exists on fracture structure for each nanocomposite. The nanocomposites surface structure has been analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The observation shows that the fracture surface of the pure phenolic resin is relatively smooth and glassy, which is typical for a brittle material, but the phenolic resin-silica composites fracture surface is not smooth at all. The observations indicate the pure phenolic resin is brittle than phenolic resin-silica nanocomposites.
Index Terms—Phenolic resin, silica content, nanocomposites, structure.
M. Z. Norul Azlin is with Centre of Preparatory and General Studies with the Terengganu Advanced Technical Institute University College (TATI University College), Jalan Panchor, Telok Kalong, 24000 Kemaman, Terengganu, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
M. Z. Siti Zuraifah is with Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Terengganu Advanced Technical Institute University College (TATI University College), Jalan Panchor, Telok Kalong, 24000 Kemaman, Terengganu, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:M. Z. Norul Azlin and M. Z. Siti Zuraifah, "Preparation and 3D Morphology Observation of Phenolic Resin-Silica Nanocomposites," International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 107-109, 2013.